What You Need To Know About Diabetes
Here’s a funny video about diabetes. While this video pokes fun on this illness, diabetes is a serious ailment that affects a lot of people.
What is diabetes?
“Diabetes” The medical term is derived from the Greek word “syphon” and “sugar”, which describes the symptoms of diabetes where enormous quantities of urine containing glucose sugar is eliminated from the body.
Diabetes is a condition characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) due to a lack or insufficient production of a hormone called insulin in the body. Insulin is responsible for reducing blood sugar and aids in the manufacture of energy to cells. Without enough insulin, glucose accumulates in the food in the blood leads to a rise in blood sugar than the normal limits. This leads to many health complications.
It is a chronic disease that can be handled with care and proper diet control drugs (or drugs or insulin), as part of your doctor and dietitian supervision.
We eat rice, bread, fruits, vegetables, sweets, meat, butter, eggs, etc. Among these, the group called carbohydrates are normally present in wheat, rice, fruits and processed potato in glucose or sugar. Glucose is a supplier of energy to all body cells, which in turn and rotates around the human body. The excess glucose stored in the liver and muscles.
Now, the glucose can not go directly to the cells, and on the surface of the cell wall receptors are proteins. The hormones in the body can act on cells via receptors. Glucose enters the cells where insulin, a hormone binds to receptors on the cell wall. In and established as a magnet for the receptors, insulin helps cells extract glucose from the blood.
When there is absolutely no insulin, or if it is insufficient or the quality is bad or abnormal glucose can not enter your cells. There is not enough energy for your body and everything starts to stop, and you are diabetic.
What is insulin?
Insulin in the pancreas is a gland of six inches long, about 100 g, located behind the stomach between the kidneys.
Healthy people, the pancreas produces a lot of fluids and enzymes, one of which is insulin.
In human diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin or does not produce enough insulin or the quality is not good. And in all these cases shows that there is something wrong with the system, it is not normal. The end result is glucose floating around in a circle, at different levels, may obtain the transformed cells and converted into energy to run the body. So, all this excess sugar remains in the blood.